Transcript of LEY DE DESLINDE JURISDICCIONAL. La incorporación de cambios trascendentales en Bolivia. La Asamblea Constituyente. BOLIVIA. Bolivia. 3. Históricamente, Bolivia se ha construido a partir de la exclusión de conformidad a lo establecido en una ley de Deslinde Jurisdiccional. Constitucion de tutions/Bolivia/ boliviahtml. —. Ley de Deslinde jurisdiccional. Ley N3 , December
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The Bolivian Jurisdictional Law also seeks to establish mechanisms for different jurisdictions to coordinate to protect human rights, enforce transparency and create effective conflict resolution strategies. Prohibited punishments include land confiscation from senior citizens or physically handicapped individuals, and violence against children or women.
The law must provide clearer guidelines for determining who can be counted as a member of these groups and thereby tried in alternative court systems. Untilnative women who married a non-aboriginal man would lose their status and band rights, while men who married a non-aboriginal woman would maintain it.
They reside in a determined ancestral territory and through their own institutions … [x] However, it is still unclear whether these criteria or other models will determine the boundaries of indigenous legal authority.
Bolivia aprobó una peligrosa ley de justicia indígena
Of course, this model should also be an essential requirement for departmental and national scope. These stipulations allay concerns that recognizing indigenous desllinde campesino judicial authorities would permit lynching, often misconstrued as part of community justice systems see On Community Justice. The Morales administration clearly identified this recent lynching a crime and demanded a full legal investigation in the central justice system.
Existing models for indigenous law exist jurisficcional Canada, the United States, Australia and others. This alternative model will be an important step toward fortifying the unity of the Plurinational State. While correctly differentiating between the legal practice of community justice and illegal lynching is an ongoing challenge for some Bolivian and international observers, the Clause 5 of Article 5 bans the latter entirely:.
Coordination between judicial authorities continues to be a challenge for countries with established indigenous justice systems.
LEY DE DESLINDE JURISDICCIONAL by Lirio Kenia Medina Pérez on Prezi
As a result, the jurisdictional law strictly sanctions murder and considers the death penalty a criminal act:. Anyone who imposes, permits, or enforces the death penalty will be tried for murder in the pre-existing central court.
Most importantly, the law upholds and clarifies Bolivian statutes that strictly forbid lynching or any other form of the death penalty. While the law outlines mechanisms such as information sharing and advisory committees, it is still unclear who will oversee these institutions and processes or the timeframe for implementation.
However, thus far there is no indication of when any follow-up guidelines might be released, nor does the text lwy the law stipulate the need for such regulations. Indigenous courts can only hear cases when infractions occur within their own territories, when the parties involved belong to the group in question, and when the legal matter violates a traditional and historical community justice norm.
However, jurisdlccional stipulations also obligate federal courts to increase coordination and communication with tribal legal authorities. Articles 5 and 6 of emphasize that all rulings must follow national and international human rights laws deslijde accords, as well as the national constitution. Some sections of the law, such as those forbidding death penalty, are clear, yet others, such as mechanisms for jurisdictional cooperation, remain amorphously defined. Pey a result, the legislative process still has a long way to go to clearly define most of the national laws passed in the preceding year.
Law 73 helps to clarify which cases and individuals can be tried in alternative judicial systems. However, the law still contains gray areas about specific mechanisms for legal coordination and cooperation among overlapping jurisdictions and definitions of indigenous identity and territory.
The judicial branch, indigenous authorities and legislators must work to jurisdiccilnal clear guidelines in order to smoothly implement and establish these laws. Territorial claims further complicate determining membership in indigenous, first nations and campesino groups. This gives tribal courts greater sentencing authority, extending their maximum jail sentence authority from one to three years.
Guidelines cannot satisfy everyone, but the Bolivian Judiciary must further define the framework for proving indigenous, campesino and first nations identity in order to successfully recognize community judicial authorities.
Bolivia aprobó una peligrosa ley de justicia indígena – Infobae
The Bolivian constitution also forbids any form of the death penalty. For example, community justice authorities cannot try terrorism cases because these are considered a threat to national security.
There shall be maintained in accordance with this Act for each band a Band List in. As demonstrated by the U.
Similarly, only the central court system may process, drug, arms, and human trafficking cases. Moreover, many indigenous people live in integrated, urban environments. For example, let us consider the administration of justice: Follow-up guidelines or legislation for the Jurisdictional Law are crucial to clarify these issues and avoid future conflicts.
While the law does not explicitly state how indigenous, first nations and campesino territory and identity will be defined, existing guidelines and legislation could help juurisdiccional these ambiguities. In Canada, individuals entitled to membership in aboriginal groups and whose kinship status can be proven by familial lineage register in both tribal and national records. Not all people living within autonomous areas self-identify as part of an indigenous nation or support indigenous autonomy.
The question of indigenous identity has always been complicated in Bolivia and this law may increase tension over this issue. The strengths and weaknesses of the Jurisdictional Law cannot be truly evaluated until its broad implementation. The Deeslinde Law resolves some issues that arose with the passage of the constitution, but may provoke future complications. For example, the U. Production and Food Security.
Bolivian Jurisdictional Law: A Step in the Right Direction, but Requires Further Clarification
Media and members of the political opposition have further this confusion. Article 7 defines this jurisdiction as:. Although the law legally validates community justice systems, it also bans certain penalties potentially sanctioned within those jurisdictions. Proponents of the law argued that many reservations are remote and it makes more sense to try first nations bolivua within their own communities, rather than in courts that are hundreds of miles from home.