Nov 24, The difference between Giffen Goods and Inferior Goods is that people will purchase less of the inferior goods as income increases and. May 9, Hey Inferior good is a good whose demand increases when the consumer’s income decreases and whose demand decreases as the. In economics, an inferior good is a good whose demand decreases when It was noted by Sir Robert Giffen that in Ireland during the 19th century there was a rise in the price of potatoes. The poor people were.

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Goods whose demand rises with the increase in their prices are called Giffen goods. Retrieved from ” https: Further, by separating substitution effect from income effect with the weak ordering approach.

Inferior good

Inter-city bus service is also an example of an inferior good. He now abandons the use of indifference curves and therefore avoids the assumption of continuity.

When money is constricted, traveling by bus becomes more acceptable, but when money is more abundant than time, more rapid transport is preferred. This article needs additional citations for verification. Despite their similarities, giffen goods and inferior goods are different to one another, and the article offers a clear explanation of each while outlining their similarities and differences. Giffen goods are goods for which demand will fall when price falls as people do not tend to purchase more of a giffen good even if prices are low because they will look for better alternatives, or will spend their money on something else.

This page was last edited on 15 Decemberat A number of economists have suggested that shopping at large discount chains such as Walmart and rent-to-own establishments vastly represent a large percentage of goods referred to as “inferior”. He is free from positivist behaviouristic restrictions on the study of consumer s behavior and he also avoids contentions about the supposedly empirical assumptions regarding rational action.

The Pew Charitable Trusts. Substitution effect of the fall in price of a good, as proved above, always tends to increase the consumption of the good. It’s not always the case that the income effect will outweigh the substitution effect. This is so because a person spends no more than a small proportion of his income on a single good with the result that not even large proportional falls in the price of a good will produce a cost difference which is more than a small fraction of his income.


An inferior good is a good for which the demand decreases after a decrease of its price. It was noted by Sir Robert Giffen that in Ireland during the 19th century there was a rise in the price of potatoes.

The Giffen good case is demonstrated in Fig. On the other hand, for a good to be giffen, it should not only be inferior but also: Potatoes still being the cheapest food, in order to compensate they started consuming more even beween its price was rising.

This is because people purchase less of a product when the prices are high and more of a product when the prices are low. A special type of inferior good may exist known as the Giffen goodwhich would disobey the ” law of demand “. The law of demand states that the demand for goods and services increase as prices fall and the demand falls as prices increase. Non- Durable goods Intermediate goods producer goods Final goods Capital goods.

Taking an example, rice in China is considered to be a giffen good because people tend to purchase less when price falls. Inferior goods ought to have a costly substitute. Various types of goods are studied in economics, like normal goods, inferior goods, luxury goods, Veblen goods, Giffen goods. If my income is low, I would buy a secondhand car, and as my income rises, I would prefer a brand new car that I can afford. When the income of the consumer rises, he can afford high priced article over low priced one.

This disobeys the fundamental law of demand, i. Here the position B lies to the left of original position A indicating that there is decrease in amount demanded of the good X as a result of the fall in price. Hence, in our view. Let us now consider the effect of a change in price of an inferior good on its consumption or demand. It may however be pointed out that inferior good need not be one which is of physically inferior quantity and also it is not necessary that the substitute which replaces the so called inferior goods should have any physical characteristics common with them.


If follows from the above analysis that exception to the law of demand can occur if in the case of an inferior good the negative income effect is so large that it outweighs the substitution effect.

Why aren’t all inferior goods Giffen goods? The demand curve for Giffen goods is upward sloping, but downward sloping for inferior goods. Post as a guest Name.

Difference Between Giffen Goods and Inferior Goods: Giffen Goods vs Inferior Goods Compared

So, this article might help you in understanding the difference between Giffen goods and Inferior goods. Email Required, but never shown. Hicks has been able to explain complementary and substitute goods in his generalised version of demand theory.

Sumukh Sai 33 8. When the negative income effect overwhelms the substitution effect, the net result of the fall in price will be to diminish the amount demanded. Certain financial services, including payday lendingare inferior goods.

Besides the innovation of logic of order and preference hypothesis, J. Damaged goods Composite goods Intangible goods. It is due to the reason that income effect of higher price supersedes substitution effect. When there is a fall in price, the overall price effect in the inferioor of Giffen goods will be negative.

But there are some goods of which the consumption is known to diminish with the increase in income, that is, income effect for them is negative. Hicks also corrects some of the mistakes of indifference curve analysis, namely, continuity and maximizing behaviour on the part of the consumer.